OSHA’s Guidelines in Preventing Crane Accidents
While construction workers are only 8 percent of the workforce in US, they accounted for more than 22 percent of work-related deaths every year.
In addition, the construction workers were also found to be 71 percent more likely to suffer from nonfatal injuries compared to employees from other industries as a whole, according to a study published by the US National Institute of Health (NIH).
In a separate study, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) showed that falls and crane accidents are the leading causes of work-related fatalities in the construction industry.
To show the magnitude of the problem, the US Labor Department has released a survey which estimated that at least 80 people die from crane-related accidents, majority of which are caused by human error.
In an effort to make the construction site safer and to reduce the fatalities among workers, OSHA has released a guideline in preventing crane accidents.
OSHA’s Guidelines in Using Cranes
1. Before using a crane, an inspector should check the machine for any mechanical problem that may
result to accidents.
2. The crane machine must undergo a more comprehensive inspection on a regular basis to determine if there is a crack, faulty wiring, worn-out ropes, and any damaged part that could lead to accidents.
3. If there is any damaged part which must be repaired or modified, this should be done by a
4. Place the crane in a stable and flat ground which must be at least 10-feet away from electrical
5. Make sure the crane is not carrying a load which is more than its capacity. Under US standards for mobile cranes, the load should not be more than 75 percent of the tipping weight.
6. Install fences around the construction site to prevent outsiders from going near the crane.
7. Make sure the crane’s safety devices such as the level operator are working properly.
8. While operating a crane, there should be a qualified “signal” person who will assist the operator in maneuvering loads.
9. There should be a fall protection equipment for workers who are standing more than 6-feet above
10. The loads should be set by a qualified “rigger” to make sure that these will not come loose and strike a worker.
11. The foundation for tower crane and other structural supports for this machine should be
designed by its manufacturer or a professional engineer.
12. Crane operators should consider the wind as the most important safety concerns. In a recent study conducted by OSHA, wind is one of the leading causes of crane accidents in the US.
13. Due to stability concerns, cranes mounted on ships and offshore platforms should be used more