Safe lifting needs to be properly planned by a competent person, appropriately supervised and carried out safely. Any equipment you use must have been properly designed, manufactured and tested. Don’t forget to maintain it properly too.
- use only certified lifting equipment, marked with its safe working load, which is not overdue for examination;
- keep the reports of thorough examination as well as any declarations of conformity or test certificates;
- make sure the load is properly attached to the lifting equipment. If necessary, securely bind the load to prevent it slipping or falling off;
- before lifting an unbalanced load, find out its center of gravity. Raise it a few inches off the ground and pause – there should be little harm if it drops;
- use packaging to prevent sharp edges of the load from damaging slings and do not allow tackle to be damaged by being dropped, dragged from under loads or subjected to sudden loads;
- when using jib cranes, make sure any indicators for safe loads are working properly and set correctly for the job and the way the machine is configured;
- use outriggers where necessary;
- when using multi-slings, make sure the sling angle is taken into account;
- have a responsible slinger or banksman and use a recognized signaling system.
- use unsuitable equipment, eg makeshift, damaged, badly worn chains shortened with knots, kinked or twisted wire ropes, frayed or rotted fiber ropes;
- exceed the safe working load of machinery or accessories like chains, slings, and grabs. Remember that the load in the legs of a sling increases as the angle between the legs increases;
lift a load if you doubt its weight or the adequacy of the equipment.