Eye and Face Protection
Helmets and Face Shields
Use helmets or face shields during all arc welding or arc cutting operations, excluding submerged arc welding. Provide proper eye protection to all helpers or attendants.
Goggles and Spectacles
Use goggles or other suitable eye protection during all gas welding or oxygen cutting operations. It is okay to use spectacles without side shields, with suitable filter lenses, during gas welding operations on light work, for torch brazing, or inspection.
All operators and attendants of resistance welding or resistance brazing equipment must use transparent face shields or goggles, depending on the particular job, to protect their faces or eyes, as required.
Eye protection in the form of suitable goggles must be provided where needed for brazing operations not covered in 1910.252 (b)(2)(I).
Protection from Arc Welding Rays
Where the work permits, enclose the welder in an individual booth painted with a finish of low reflectivity such as zinc oxide (an important factor for absorbing ultraviolet radiation), or enclose the welding station with non-combustible screens similarly painted.
- Booths and screens must permit the circulation of air at the floor level.
- Protect workers or other persons adjacent to the welding areas from the rays by non- combustible or flameproof screens or shields. If this is not possible, they must be required to wear appropriate goggles.
A variety of special clothing is available to protect the body during cutting and welding operations. The protective clothing will vary with the size, location, and nature of the work performed.
During ANY welding or cutting operation, you should wear flameproof gauntlets (thick leather gloves with long loose wrists) at all times.
- For gas welding and cutting, a five-finger glove is generally used.
- For electric arc welding, a gauntlet-type mitt is recommended.
- Gauntlets protect the hands from both heat and metal spatter.
- The one-finger mitt designed for electric arc welding has an advantage over the glove because it reduces the danger of weld spatter and sparks lodging between the fingers. It also reduces the chafing of fingers, which sometimes occurs when using five-finger gloves for electric arc welding.
Choosing the proper clothing for welding and cutting is essential for safety and comfort.
- Do not wear oilskins or plastic clothing during welding or cutting.
- If leather protective clothing is not available, wear woolen garments rather than cotton garments. Wool does not ignite as readily as cotton, and it affords greater protection from temperature changes .
- Chemically treat cotton clothing, if necessary, to reduce its flammability. Do not wear synthetic fabrics.