Factors That Increase Job Stress
Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. Job stress can lead to poor health and even injury. Factors that increase job stress include:
Work Demands: Work requires that employees work very fast, with intensity, have a high work load, work a lot of overtime, and are under constant time pressures. Supervisors should control these factors in a fair and objective manner.
Job Control: Workers have little control over the various aspects of their job such as scheduling, breaks, task variation, and very little opportunity to make their own decisions. Supervisors exhibit trust when they allow employees to make decisions that affect their jobs.
Co-worker Support: Supervisors and others offer very little help or are unwilling to listen to problems. Supervisors should regularly offer to help if employees are having problems.
Management Feedback: There is little opportunity to talk with supervisors and managers about the job. Supervisors should take the time to listen to employees and give regular feedback.
Leadership: Supervisors and managers are overly controlling, coercive, or uncooperative. Supervisors and managers should exhibit high standards of personal tough-caring leadership. Accountability should be administered objectively and fairly.
Physical Stress: Supervisors need to control work to prevent high levels of fatigue, frustration, and lack of balance between home and work-life.
These situations affect the psychosocial environment in the workplace. Supervisors are responsible, to the extent possible, to ensure a workplace that is free from undue job stress.