Factors that increase the risk of vehicle collisions

Factors that increase the risk of vehicle collisions

Factors that increase the risk of vehicle collisions:

  • Driving too fast.
  • Inadequate lighting.
  • Reversing without the help of a banksman (see later).
  • Blind spots, such as corners and entrances.
  • Bad weather conditions (e.g. rain).
  • Obstructed visibility (e.g. an overloaded forklift truck driving forwards).
  • Poor design of pedestrian walkways and crossing points.
  • Lack of vehicle maintenance (e.g. brake failure).

Collisions can occur between the vehicle and:

–– Other vehicles, e.g. between two lorries manoeuvring at a depot.

–– Pedestrians, e.g. between a car in a staff car park and a member of staff leaving work.

–– Fixed objects, e.g. between a forklift truck and the support leg of racking in a warehouse.

Areas of particular concern are vehicle entrance and exit points, such as the forklift truck entrance point from an outside yard area into a workshop. These parts of a building tend to have a high incidence of vehicle collisions

because of the:

–– Concentration of vehicles through these routes.

–– Presence of blind spots

Changes in light levels that may occur (from brightly lit to dark and gloomy, or the reverse) – the driver’s eyes take a while to adapt to the new light level.

Remember that some of the highest-risk situations occur when pedestrians have to interact with vehicles. Any collision between a vehicle and a pedestrian is likely to lead to serious or fatal injury.

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