Three Primary Fall Protection Systems For Use While Working At Heights

Three Primary Fall Protection Systems For Use While Working At Heights

The employer must provide and install all fall protection systems and falling object protection before any employee begins work that necessitates fall or falling object protection.

Unprotected Sides and Edges

Unprotected Sides and Edges

The employer must ensure that each employee on a walking-working surface with an unprotected side or edge that is 4 feet (1.2 m) or more above a lower level is protected from falling by one or more of the following:

  • guardrail systems;
  • safety net systems; or
  • personal fall protection systems, such as personal fall arrest, travel restraint, or positioning systems.

When the employer can demonstrate it is not feasible or creates a greater hazard to use guardrail, safety net, or personal fall protection systems on residential roofs, the employer must develop and implement a fall protection plan and training.

  • The work operation for which fall protection is infeasible is in process;
  • Access to the platform is limited to authorized employees; and,
  • The authorized employees are trained in accordance with OSHA Standard 1910.30.

Hoist Areas

Hoist Areas

The employer must ensure:

Each employee in a hoist area is protected from falling 4 feet (1.2 m) or more to a lower level by:

  • A guardrail system;
  • A personal fall arrest system; or
  • A travel restraint system.

When any portion of a guardrail system, gate, or chains is removed, and an employee must lean through or over the edge of the access opening to facilitate hoisting, the employee should be protected from falling by a personal fall arrest system.

If grab handles are installed at hoist areas, they must meet the requirements of OSHA Standard 1910.29(l).

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