Types Of PPE You Can Use

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Types Of PPE You Can Use

Eyes

Hazards – Chemical or metal splash, dust, projectiles, gas, and vapor, radiation

Options – Safety spectacles, goggles, face screens, face shields, visors

Note – Make sure the eye protection chosen has the right combination of impact/dust/ splash/molten metal eye protection for the task and fits the user properly.

Head and neck

Hazards – Impact from falling or flying objects, the risk of head bumping, hair getting tangled in machinery, chemical drips or splash, climate or temperature

Options –  Industrial safety helmets, bump caps, hairnets and firefighters’ helmets

Note:

  • Some safety helmets incorporate or can be fitted with specially-designed eye or hearing protection.
  • Don’t forget neck protection, eg scarves for use during welding.
  • Replace head protection if it is damaged.

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Ears

Hazards – Noise – a combination of sound level and duration of exposure, very high-level sounds are a hazard even with short duration

Options – Earplugs, earmuffs, semi-insert/canal caps

Note:

  • Provide the right hearing protectors for the type of work, and make sure workers know how to fit them.
  • Choose protectors that reduce noise to an acceptable level, while allowing for safety and communication.

Hands and arms

Hazards – Abrasion, temperature extremes, cuts and punctures, impact, chemicals, electric shock, radiation, biological agents and prolonged immersion in water

Options – Gloves, gloves with a cuff, gauntlets, and sleeving that covers part or all of the arm

Note:

  • Avoid gloves when operating machines such as bench drills where the gloves might get caught.
  • Some materials are quickly penetrated by chemicals – take care in selection, see HSE’s skin at work website (www.hse.gov.uk/skin).
  • Barrier creams are unreliable and are no substitute for proper PPE.
  • Wearing gloves for long periods can make the skin hot and sweaty, leading to skin problems. Using separate cotton inner gloves can help prevent this.

Feet and legs

Hazards – Wet, hot and cold conditions, electrostatic build-up, slipping, cuts and punctures, falling objects, heavy loads, metal and chemical splash, vehicles

Options – Safety boots and shoes with protective toecaps and penetration-resistant, mid-sole wellington boots and specific footwear, eg foundry boots, and chainsaw boots

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Note:

  • Footwear can have a variety of sole patterns and materials to help prevent slips in different conditions, including oil- or chemical-resistant soles. It can also be anti-static, electrically conductive or thermally insulating.
  • Appropriate footwear should be selected for the risks identified.

Lungs

Hazards – Oxygen-deficient atmospheres, dust, gases, and vapors

Options Respiratory protective equipment (RPE)

  • Some respirators rely on filtering contaminants from workplace air. These include simple filtering facepieces and respirators and power-assisted respirators.
  • Make sure it fits properly, eg for tight-fitting respirators (filtering facepieces, half and full masks).
  • There are also types of breathing apparatus which give an independent supply of breathable air, eg fresh-air hose, compressed airline, and self-contained breathing apparatus.

Note:

  • The right type of respirator filter must be used as each is effective for only a limited range of substances.
  • Filters have only a limited life. Where there is a shortage of oxygen or any danger of losing consciousness due to exposure to high levels of harmful fumes, only use breathing apparatus – never use a filtering cartridge.
  • You will need to use breathing apparatus in a confined space or if there is a chance of an oxygen deficiency in the work area.
  • If you are using respiratory protective equipment, look at HSE’s publication Respiratory protective equipment at work: A practical guide (see ‘Find out more’ below).

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Whole body

Hazards – Heat, chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, contaminated dust, impact or penetration, excessive wear or entanglement of own clothing

Options – Conventional or disposable overalls, boiler suits, aprons, chemical suits

Note:

  • The choice of materials includes flame-retardant, anti-static, chain mail, chemically impermeable, and high-visibility.
  • Don’t forget other protection, like safety harnesses or life jackets.

Emergency equipment

Careful selection, maintenance and regular and realistic operator training are needed for equipment for use in emergencies, like compressed-air escape breathing apparatus, respirators, and safety ropes or harnesses.

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