OSHA Reporting Requirements | Accident and Incident

No one wants to experience an accident on the job, but sometimes they happen despite our best efforts. As a business owner, it’s important to know and understand your responsibilities when reporting workplace accidents according to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations. With the right knowledge, you can ensure that any unfortunate incidents are reported properly while upholding compliance standards. In this blog post, we’ll explain OSHA’s requirements for accident reporting so you can protect your workforce and business.

OSHA Reporting Requirements | Accident and Incident

OSHA, or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, has established reporting requirements for employers in the United States to ensure that serious workplace accidents and incidents are documented and investigated. These requirements are aimed at promoting workplace safety and preventing future accidents.

OSHA Reporting Requirements

1. Accident Reporting Requirements:

  • Fatalities: If a fatality occurs due to a work-related incident, employers must report the death to OSHA within 8 hours of learning about it.
  • Severe Injuries: Employers must report any incident that leads to the in-patient hospitalization of one or more employees, an amputation, or the loss of an eye within 24 hours of learning about the incident.

These reports can be made by calling the nearest OSHA office, calling the OSHA 24-hour hotline, or by reporting online through OSHA’s reporting website.

2. Incident Reporting Requirements:

Besides the reporting of severe injuries and fatalities, employers are required to keep records of work-related injuries and illnesses that are less severe. These records are maintained on OSHA forms 300, 300A, and 301, or equivalent forms.

  • OSHA Form 300 (Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses): This form is used to classify work-related injuries and illnesses and note each case’s extent and severity.
  • OSHA Form 300A (Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses): This is a summary form that must be posted in a visible location at the workplace annually from February 1 to April 30.
  • OSHA Form 301 (Injury and Illness Incident Report): This form provides more detailed information about each work-related injury or illness.
Incident Reporting OSHA

It’s important to note that minor injuries that do not result in serious medical treatment or loss of consciousness need not be recorded. Additionally, certain industries may be exempt from these record-keeping requirements based on their classification and size.

Accident and Dangerous Occurrence Reporting

Accidents and dangerous occurrences must be reported to the Authority in line with the Safety, Health, and Welfare at Work (Reporting of Accidents and Dangerous Occurrences) Regulations 2016 (S.I. No. 370 of 2016).  The guidance document below explains why accident and dangerous occurrence reporting is required, what is reportable, what is not reportable, who should make the report, and how the report should be made.

These are some of the key points about reporting accidents and dangerous occurrences:

  • Only fatal and non-fatal injuries are reportable. Diseases, occupational illnesses, or any impairments of mental condition are not reportable.
  • Fatal accidents must be reported immediately to the Authority or Gardaí. Subsequently, the formal report should be submitted to the Authority within five working days of the death.
  • Non-fatal accidents or dangerous occurrences should be reported to the Authority within ten working days of the event.
  • Injuries to any employee as a result of an accident at work where the injury results in the employee being unable to carry out their normal work duties for more than three consecutive days, excluding the day of the accident, must be reported to the Authority.
OSHA Incident Report

Why It’s Important To Report Accidents?

  • Reporting accidents is important to maintaining a safe work environment and reducing the risk of future incidents. When an accident occurs, underlying causes often may not be immediately apparent.
  • By reporting the details of the incident to relevant authorities, investigations can be conducted to determine what caused the accident and how to prevent similar occurrences. Accident reporting also allows employers to monitor their safety performance and adjust procedures as necessary. It can even help identify potential hazards before they lead to a serious incident.
  • In addition, having an accurate record of safety incidents helps protect employees and employers from legal liability in a lawsuit. These factors make accident reporting an essential part of any safety management system.
  • Finally, accident reporting not only helps ensure a safe work environment but can also help improve workplace morale. When employers show that they value the safety of their employees and are taking steps to prevent accidents, it can foster a culture of trust and camaraderie in the workplace.


Understanding and complying with OSHA’s accident reporting requirements is vital for any business to ensure workplace safety and legal compliance. It’s mandatory to report fatalities within eight hours and in-patient hospitalizations, amputations, or loss of an eye within 24 hours of a work-related incident. Employers should be knowledgeable about the regulations, establish clear reporting protocols, and educate employees on the importance of timely reporting, as this helps identify underlying causes, prevent future incidents, and foster a culture of safety and trust within the organization.