The fire prevention procedures presented here are basic. They should be supplemented by whatever other standards the commander feels are needed to protect the ASA. At the minimum, the unit SOP will contain the following rules and procedures to be enforced by everyone working around munitions:
- Strictly regulate and control smoking in areas where ammunition, explosives, highly combustible materials, or flammable items are kept. If smoking can be regulated safely, designate specific locations approved by the commander or safety officer and equip these areas with proper receptacles for butts or smoking residue.
- Do not allow smoking in vehicles passing through these areas.
- Locate the smoking area at least 50 feet from the area containing munitions and explosives if noncombustible walls do not separate these two areas. Also, ensure that at least one serviceable fire extinguisher is placed in the area. Do not permit anyone whose clothing is contaminated with explosive or hazardous material to use the smoking area.
- Do not permit the use of matches or other flame-, heat-, or spark producing devices in any magazine area or field storage activity. The only exceptions will be by written authority of the commander or safety officer.
- Use only flashlights or storage battery lamps approved by the US Bureau of Mines and listed by the UL or other recognized authority in structures that contain ammunition or explosives.
- Locate overhead transmission and power lines no closer to the storage location than the height of the pole or 50 feet, whichever is greater. If the cable is buried for at least 50 feet from the storage location, existing storage facilities may be modified with underground electrical service.
- Use dry cleaning solvent, not gasoline or other flammable liquids, for cleaning purposes. Ensure that adequate ventilation is available when using solvent. See TB MED-502 for guidance.
- Locate parking areas no closer than 100 feet outside storage areas.
- Control these areas to reduce fire hazards and provide easy access to firefighters.
- Police areas on a daily basis for combustible materials left over from operations. Stack and/or properly dispose of these materials.
- DA Pam 385-64 for stacking guidelines and distance requirements.
- Use heat-producing equipment that will not exceed temperatures of 228 degrees.
- Control vegetation or undergrowth with weed killers or by mowing or plowing. Livestock grazing may be used under special, controlled conditions. Remove all cut vegetation and undergrowth. Ensure that weed killer do not contain substances that might spontaneously ignite in hot, dry conditions
- Carefully consider controlled burning to eliminate vegetation and undergrowth. Allow no burns within 200 feet of any explosive location. Firefighting equipment and personnel will be standing by during these operations.
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