The Reasons and Benefits Of Investigating the Accidents/Incidents
The Logic and Understanding
Incident/accident investigation based on the logic that:
- All the incidents/accidents have causes or the reasons – To eliminate the cause and the future incidents or such events;
- Through investigating the accidents or the incidents, we can discover the direct and indirect causes of an incident/accident
- Taking the corrective action indicated by the causation to the eliminate future incidents or the accidents.
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The purpose of the Investigation is not intended to be a tool for apportioning the blame. There are often intense sensations associated with the injury or with the significant losses.
It’s all too easy to look for the someone to blame them without considering the reasons or the causes why the person performed appropriately.
Often the shortcuts to the working procedures or the methods that may have contributed to the accident give no personal advantage to the person injured. The shortcut may have been taken out of loyalty to the organisation or the ignorance of a safer method.
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The Valuable information and the understanding can be gained from carrying out the accident/incident investigations.
- An understanding of how and why the problems occurred which caused the accident/incident;
- An understanding of the ways people are exposed to the substances or to the situations which can cause them harm;
- A snapshot of what happens really, for example why the people take shortcuts or ignore safety rules at work;
- Identifying deficiencies in the control of risks in the organisation.
The legal reasons for carrying out the investigation are:
- To assure that the organisation is operating or performing in compliance with the statutory requirements;
- That it forms the essential part of the MHSW Regulation 5 requirements to the plan, organise, monitor, control and the review health and safety arrangements;
- To comply with the Woolf Report on the civil action which changed the way cases are run. The Full disclosure of the circumstances of an accident/incident has to be made to the injured or harmed parties considering the legal action.
- The fact that thorough investigation was carried out and the remedial action taken would demonstrate to the court that the company has the positive attitude to the health and safety. The investigation will also provide the essential information for the insurers in the event of an employer’s liability or the other claim.
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There are the many benefits of investigating the accidents or the incidents.
- The prevention of the similar events happening again. Where the outcomes or the consequences are severe injuries the enforcing authorities are likely to take the tough stance if the previous warnings have ignored;
- The prevention of the business losses because of disruption immediately after the event, loss of the production, the loss
of business through the lowering of reputation or the inability to deliver and the costs of the criminal and legal actions;
- The improvement in workers morale and the general attitudes to the health and safety mainly if they have involved in the investigations;
- To improving the management skills to improve the health and safety performance everywhere in the organisation.
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What managers need to do?
The Managers need:
- To communicate the type of the accident and the incident that needs to be reported;
- To provide the system for reporting and the recording;
- To check that proper reports are being made;
- To make the appropriate records of the accidents and the incidents;
- To investigate all the incidents and accidents reported;
- To analyse the events routinely to check for the trends in performance and the prevalence of types of incident or injury;
- To monitor the system to make sure that it is working satisfactorily.